What is the first stage of anemia?

First stage: Iron stores are depleted. In this stage, the supply of iron to make new hemoglobin and red blood cells is dwindling but hasn't yet affected your red blood cells. Second stage: When iron stores are low, the normal process of making red blood cells is altered.


What are the first signs and symptom of anemia?

Symptoms
  • Fatigue.
  • Weakness.
  • Pale or yellowish skin.
  • Irregular heartbeats.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness.
  • Chest pain.
  • Cold hands and feet.


How quickly does anemia progress?

Iron deficiency anemia usually develops slowly because it may take several months for the body's iron reserves to be used up. As the iron reserves are decreasing, the bone marrow gradually produces fewer red blood cells.


What stage is mild anemia?

Mild anemia corresponds to a level of hemoglobin concentration of 10.0-10.9 g/dl for pregnant women and children under age 5 and 10.0-11.9 g/dl for nonpregnant women. For all of the tested groups, moderate anemia corresponds to a level of 7.0-9.9 g/dl, while severe anemia corresponds to a level less than 7.0 g/dl.

What does anemia make you feel like?

Anemia occurs when there aren't enough healthy red blood cells to carry oxygen to your body's organs. As a result, it's common to feel cold and symptoms of tiredness or weakness. There are many different types of anemia, but the most common type is iron-deficiency anemia.


4- Iron deficiency anaemia- Causes, Stages of Development of Anaemia



What are the 3 main causes of anemia?

Hemoglobin is an iron-rich protein that gives the red color to blood. It carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. Anemia has three main causes: blood loss, lack of red blood cell production, and high rates of red blood cell destruction.

How serious is anemia?

Severe iron deficiency anaemia may increase your risk of developing complications that affect the heart or lungs, such as an abnormally fast heartbeat (tachycardia) or heart failure, where your heart is unable to pump enough blood around your body at the right pressure.

What is the fastest way to cure anemia?

To treat your anemia, your doctor may suggest eating more meat—especially red meat (such as beef or liver), as well as chicken, turkey, pork, fish, and shellfish. Nonmeat foods that are good sources of iron include: Spinach and other dark green leafy vegetables.


Does anemia go away?

Mild anemia is a common and treatable condition that can develop in anyone. It may come about suddenly or over time, and may be caused by your diet, medicines you take, or another medical condition. Anemia can also be chronic, meaning it lasts a long time and may never go away completely.

How do I know if my anemia is severe?

Symptoms
  1. Extreme fatigue.
  2. Weakness.
  3. Pale skin.
  4. Chest pain, fast heartbeat or shortness of breath.
  5. Headache, dizziness or lightheadedness.
  6. Cold hands and feet.
  7. Inflammation or soreness of your tongue.
  8. Brittle nails.


What is stage 3 anemia?

Third stage: Iron-deficiency anemia develops because there isn't enough iron to make hemoglobin for red blood cells. In this stage, the hemoglobin concentration will drop below the normal range. This is when you may begin noticing iron-deficiency anemia symptoms.


Can you fully recover from anemia?

With treatment, most people recover from iron-deficiency anemia in 2 to 3 months. You may need to take iron supplements for several months longer, though, to build up your reserves of iron.

Should you rest with anemia?

What to do if you have anemia. If your red blood cell count is low, you should: Save your energy. Rest when you are tired.

How do you suddenly become anemic?

There are three main reasons people become anemic: blood loss, a reduction in the body's ability to produce new red blood cells, or an illness that leads to increased destruction of red blood cells.


How can I check myself for anemia?

Self-Checks/At-Home Testing
  1. Fatigue (feeling tired or as though you don't have enough energy to do everyday things)
  2. Difficulty concentrating.
  3. Dizziness.
  4. Cold hands and/or feet.
  5. Shortness of breath on exertion.
  6. Heart palpitations.
  7. Headaches.
  8. Pica (cravings for non-food items, such as grass, ice, dirt, etc.)


What happens if you are anemic?

Anemia results when the red blood cells break down quickly, so oxygen doesn't get to your organs. The crescent-shaped red blood cells can also get stuck in tiny blood vessels and cause pain. Vitamin-deficiency anemia can happen when you aren't getting enough vitamin B12 and folate.

What is the last stage of anemia?

The last stage is iron deficiency anemia. It is characterized by a low hemoglobin concentration with small (microcytic), pale (hypochromic) RBCs. Symptoms include fatigue upon exertion, weakness, headaches, apathy, pallor, poor resistance to cold temperatures, low physical work capacity, and poor immune function.


Can anemia lead to leukemia?

Anemia and leukemia are both conditions that affect a person's blood. Although there is no evidence that anemia can cause leukemia, people with leukemia are more likely to develop anemia. This could be because leukemia, a form of blood cancer, causes anemia, which involves a reduction in red blood cells.

Does anemia cause weight gain?

Iron-deficient people experience low energy levels and sudden weight gain because of an underactive thyroid gland.

Does anemia make you sleepy?

Your body relies on iron to make hemoglobin, so when iron is low, you can become anemic. Your cells don't receive enough oxygen, and you feel tired. “The most frequent symptom of iron-deficiency anemia is fatigue,” says Kathryn Boling, MD, a family doctor at Mercy Medical Center in Baltimore.


Can drinking water get rid of anemia?

In this study, we found that water intake may improve anemia by increasing the hemoglobin index. In the experimental group, the increase in hemoglobin was not significant, although there were significant increases in MCH and MCHC, indicating that water assists hemoglobin synthesis.

What can I drink to fight anemia?

7 Iron Rich Drinks to Boost Your Hemoglobin
  • Prune Juice. Dried plums, also known as prunes, are a rich source of plant-based iron. ...
  • Beetroot Juice. ...
  • Pea Protein Shakes. ...
  • Spinach, Cashew, Coconut and Raspberry Smoothie. ...
  • Pumpkin Juice. ...
  • Mulberry Smoothie. ...
  • Flaxseed and Sesame Smoothie. ...
  • Beet and Orange Smoothie.


Can you live a long time with anemia?

Following treatment, most people go on to live normal, healthy lives. However, anemia can have lasting, or life-threatening, effects. These are more common if the condition is chronic, severe, or left untreated.


When should I be worried about anemia?

Talk to your doctor if you have risk factors for anemia or notice any signs or symptoms of anemia including: Persistent fatigue, breathlessness, rapid heart rate, pale skin, or any other symptoms of anemia; seek emergency care for any trouble breathing or change in your heart beat.

Can stress cause anemia?

Sustained stress is another cause of anaemia. Excessive stress hinders the manufacture of hydrochloric acid in your body, which is very important for the integration of iron and proteins. The deficiency of iron is equal to lack of haemoglobin and thus, anaemia.