What does delayed speech indicate?

A delay in speech development may be a symptom of many disorders, including mental retardation, hearing loss, an expressive language disorder, psychosocial deprivation, autism, elective mutism, receptive aphasia and cerebral palsy. Speech delay may be secondary to maturation delay or bilingualism.

When should I worry about speech delay?

Also call the doctor if your child's speech is harder to understand than expected for their age: Parents and regular caregivers should understand about 50% of a child's speech at 2 years and 75% of it at 3 years. By 4 years old, a child should be mostly understood, even by people who don't know the child.

Does delayed speech mean autism?

Not necessarily. While speech delays, language delays, and learning differences are often a hallmark of ASD, a speech delay by itself does not mean a child has autism. In fact, there are key differences between communication delays caused by autism and other types of speech-language disorders.

Does speech delay mean low intelligence?

Delayed speech can also be a sign of intellectual disability in a child. In the case of intellectual disability, there may be a delay in the use of gestures and a generalized delay in reaching all developmental milestones. Children with intellectual disabilities may show an overall deficit in comprehension.

Is speech delay serious?

Research suggests that speech and language delays at 2 1/2 to 5 years of age can lead to difficulty with reading in elementary school. Speech delay can also lead to problems with behavior and socialization. With a doctor's diagnosis, your 3-year-old may qualify for early intervention services before they start school.

5 Signs of a Speech Delay | Speech Therapist Explains

What is the most common reason for speech delay?

MENTAL RETARDATION. Mental retardation is the most common cause of speech delay, accounting for more than 50 percent of cases.

Will a child with speech delay catch up?

Some children with expressive language delay "catch up" during the preschool years ("late bloomers"), whereas others have persistent delay (see 'Natural history' below). Early evaluation can help to correctly identify late-talking children who will benefit from intervention and/or additional evaluation.

Is a speech delay considered special needs?

This is a learning disability that is caused by the brain working differently. These kids may have trouble producing speech sounds, using spoken language to communicate, or understanding what other people say. Speech and language problems are often the earliest sign of a learning disability.

Is Delayed speech a learning disability?

Speech and language problems are often the earliest sign of a learning disability. Hearing loss is often overlooked, and easily identified. If your child is speech/language delayed, their hearing should be tested.

What deficiencies cause speech delay?

It is well documented that B12 deficiency can cause developmental delay, hypotonia, tremor, seizures, failure to thrive, reduced IQ, and mental retardation. Children with B12 deficiency exhibit speech, language, and social delays, behavioral issues, and problems with fine and gross motor movement.

How common is speech delay?

Delays in language are the most common types of developmental delay. One out of 5 children will learn to talk or use words later than other children their age.

Does speech delay affect behavior?

Early language delays can affect a child's ability to socialize with peers and make friends. This social isolation can carry over into their adult years.

What age is considered delayed speech?

Your child may have a speech delay if they aren't able to do these things: Say simple words (such as “mama” or “dada”) either clearly or unclearly by 12 to 15 months of age. Understand simple words (such as “no” or “stop”) by 18 months of age. Talk in short sentences by 3 years of age.

Can speech delay be caused by parents?

Delays can also be caused by neglect, abuse, or an event or circumstance that was really disruptive to development. These are atypical scenarios though that we rarely encounter. For the average parent doing their best, you can rest assured that your child's speech or language delay is definitely not your fault.

Does delayed speech run family?

Delays can also run in families. Sometimes the cause is not known. If your child doesn't develop speech and language skills on schedule, it may not mean there is a problem. But if your child is having problems, talk with your doctor.

How can you tell the difference between speech delay and autism?

The main difference between other speech delays and autism-related speech delays is that children who are just late talkers still attempt to engage and communicate in different ways. For example, they might make babbling sounds, point, and use other types of body language to get what they want.

Can a child be nonverbal and not autistic?

When people hear that a child is nonverbal, they often think of autism (ASD). While some individuals with ASD are nonverbal, there are a variety of other conditions that cause a child to be nonverbal, pre-verbal, or have emerging or delayed verbal skills, either short-term or long-term.

What are warning signs of autism?

Restricted or Repetitive Behaviors or Interests
  • Lines up toys or other objects and gets upset when order is changed.
  • Repeats words or phrases over and over (called echolalia)
  • Plays with toys the same way every time.
  • Is focused on parts of objects (for example, wheels)
  • Gets upset by minor changes.
  • Has obsessive interests.

How do you treat a child with speech delay?

Equally commendable would be to encourage and nurture your child's speech by the methods below:
  1. Talk to your child. ...
  2. Point or gesture to the objects as you describe or narrate.
  3. Read together with your child. ...
  4. Be patient when talking to them. ...
  5. Sing together simple songs or nursery rhymes.

Can delayed speech be corrected?

If your child does have a delay, they might need speech therapy. A therapist can work with them on how to pronounce words and sounds, and strengthen the muscles in their face and mouth. You can also work with your child on speech and language: Talk with them throughout the day.

What are the four major speech disorders?

Types of speech disorder include stuttering, apraxia, and dysarthria. There are many possible causes of speech disorders, including muscles weakness, brain injuries, degenerative diseases, autism, and hearing loss. Speech disorders can affect a person's self-esteem and their overall quality of life.

What neurological disorders cause speech problems?

Neurologic voice disorders occur as part of an underlying neurologic condition such as Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, or ALS. They can also happen as the result of a stroke. These disorders can affect the strength of the muscles of the voice box, and impact the control of the voice.

What causes a child to have speech problems?

Problems or changes in the structure or shape of the muscles and bones used to make speech sounds. These changes may include cleft palate and tooth problems. Damage to parts of the brain or the nerves (such as from cerebral palsy) that control how the muscles work together to create speech.

What are the 5 common speech disorders?

Some common speech impediments are:
  • Stuttering. This condition might indicate developmental delay, an inherited condition or a sign your child's brain isn't coordinating the functions that drive speech.
  • Articulation errors. ...
  • Tongue-tie (ankyloglossia). ...
  • Apraxia. ...
  • Dysarthria. ...
  • Selective mutism.

Is it normal for a 2.5 year old not to talk?

Children learn the language at different rates, so there is no one answer to this question. Some two-year-olds may only be saying a few words, while others may be able to repeat words and phrases. However, most experts agree that children should have a vocabulary of about 50 words by the time they reach two years old.