What category does trichotillomania fall under?

Diagnostic Criteria
Trichotillomania (Hair Pulling Disorder) is listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders – Fifth Edition (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013) under the new category of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders.

What does trichotillomania fall under?

Trichotillomania (often abbreviated as TTM) is a mental health disorder where a person compulsively pulls out or breaks their own hair. This condition falls under the classification of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

What is trichotillomania classified as in the DSM-5?

In DSM-5, trichotillomania was included in the chapter on obsessive-compulsive and related disorders, along with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), excoriation disorder, body dysmorphic disorder, and hoarding disorder.

Is trichotillomania a neurological disorder?

Trichotillomania is a relatively common psychiatric condition, although its neurobiological basis is unknown. Abnormalities of flexible responding have been implicated in the pathophysiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder and thus may be relevant in trichotillomania.

Is trichotillomania OCD or ICD?

In ICD-10, trichotillomania is classified in the section on disorders of adult personality and behavior, as one of the habit and impulse disorders. It is described as “a disorder characterized by noticeable hair-loss due to a recurrent failure to resist impulses to pull out hairs.

Overcoming Trichotillomania: The Power of Awareness | Aneela Idnani | TEDxFargo

Is trichotillomania a chronic illness?

If untreated, trichotillomania is a chronic illness that often results in substantial psychosocial dysfunction, and that can, in rare cases, lead to life-threatening medical problems.

Is trichotillomania considered an addiction?

Trichotillomania has also been linked to impulsive behavior and sensation seeking, which are both often present in substance use disorders. Trichotillomania itself has been considered a form of addiction, as those with trichotillomania may experience withdrawal or difficulty stopping hair-pulling behaviors.

Is trichotillomania caused by trauma?

We can conclude that trauma may play a role in development of both trichotillomania and skin picking. Increased duration of trichotillomania or skin picking was correlated with decreased presence of post-traumatic stress symptoms.

What type of OCD is trichotillomania?

Trichotillomania is on the obsessive-compulsive spectrum, which means that it shares many symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), such as compulsive counting, checking, or washing.

Why is trichotillomania considered OCD?

Trichotillomania (TTM) is characterized by repetitive stereotypical hair-pulling from different sites resulting in noticeable hair loss [1]. Phenomenological observations have suggested that symptoms of repetitive hair-pulling are reminiscent of the compulsions seen in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) [2,3].

Is trichotillomania a mental health condition?

If you can't stop pulling out your hair or you feel embarrassed or ashamed by your appearance as a result of your hair pulling, talk to your doctor. Trichotillomania is not just a bad habit, it's a mental health disorder, and it's unlikely to get better without treatment.

Is trichotillomania a Behavioural disorder?

The DSM-5 classifies trichotillomania as an obsessive-compulsive disorder. Previous versions of the manual had classified it as an impulse control disorder. According to the National Organization for Rare Disorders, some people with trichotillomania also have other conditions, including: anxiety.

Is trichotillomania an anxiety disorder?

Trichotillomania appears to be a fairly common disorder, with high rates of co-occurring anxiety disorders. Many individuals with trichotillomania also report that pulling worsens during periods of increased anxiety.

Is trichotillomania a stress disorder?

Trichotillomania. This condition is an impulse control disorder caused by anxiety or stress. Often called “hair-pulling disorder,” people with trichotillomania have the irresistible urge to pull out their own hair, eyelashes or eyebrows. The area of hair loss is usually asymmetric and follows an irregular pattern.

Is trichotillomania a depression?

Abstract. Objective: Trichotillomania (TTM) is associated with high rates of co-occurring depression and anxiety disorders.

What is the root cause of trichotillomania?

Causes of trichotillomania

your way of dealing with stress or anxiety. a chemical imbalance in the brain, similar to obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) changes in hormone levels during puberty.

Is trichotillomania a manic disorder?

Bipolar disorder falls under the category of mood disorders while trichotillomania falls under the category of Obsessive Compulsive and Related disorders.

Which are the two types of trichotillomania?

There are two types of trichotillomania. One is called automatic pulling and the other is called focused pulling.

Is trichotillomania related to schizophrenia?

Recurrent hair pulling resulting in hair loss, in the absence of a medical or another mental disorder is a diagnostic feature of trichotillomania. It is commonly seen in depression and many other psychiatric disorders. Trichotillomania rarely occurs as a co morbid condition in patients with schizophrenia.

Who is most affected by trichotillomania?

People typically develop "trich" around age 12, and 75 percent of those who have it are female, according to research findings. Their compulsive hair pulling often results in a "thin" appearance on the scalp, says Mouton-Odum. Some people also pluck other hairy areas, such as their eyebrows, eyelashes or body hair.

Is trichotillomania linked to anorexia?

Of particular significance, approximately 20% of patients with trichotillomania suffer from an eating disorder, most commonly bulimia nervosa (7,8). To date, there have been no reported cases of adolescents with both anorexia nervosa (AN) and trichotillomania.

Is trichotillomania a coping mechanism?

Hair pulling is a coping mechanism for stress, anxiety, boredom and other emotions. The behavior is often trancelike – characterized by a compulsive urge to pull out hair on the head, face or other parts of the body. It is a disorder medically known as trichotillomania.

Does trichotillomania run in families?

So, is trichotillomania inherited? Yes, it can be, but other factors also contribute to the condition. As research and studies continue, understanding of the causes of trichotillomania and other mental health disorders will increase and improve prevention and treatment options.

What happens in the brain during trichotillomania?

Other imaging studies of trichotillomania reported reduced gray matter in the left inferior frontal gyrus23 and reduced cerebellar volumes. More recently, whole-brain analysis identified increased gray matter densities in the left caudate/putamen, bilateral cingulate, and right frontal cortices.

What is the best medication for trichotillomania?

SSRIs and clomipramine are considered first-line in TTM. In addition, family members of TTM patients are often affected by obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders. Other drugs used in the treatment of TTM are lamotrigine, olanzapine, N-Acetylcysteine, inositol, and naltrexone.
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