What are the 3 deadliest blood diseases?

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are three of the most common bloodborne pathogens from which health care workers are at risk.

What are 4 common bloodborne diseases?

Bloodborne Infectious Diseases: HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C. Exposures to blood and other body fluids occur across a wide variety of occupations.

What 3 viruses can be spread in the blood?

Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and HIV are the 3 main blood borne viruses (BBVs). They are transmitted through: Exposure (of broken skin, mucous membranes or blood) to infected blood and body fluids, for example during: treatment using reused or non sterile medical, dental or surgical equipment.

What diseases are passed through blood?

Examples of viral diseases that can be transmitted through transfusion are listed below:
  • Chikungunya Virus. ...
  • Dengue Fever. ...
  • Hepatitis A Virus. ...
  • Hepatitis B Virus. ...
  • Hepatitis C Virus. ...
  • Hepatitis E Virus. ...
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) ...
  • Human T-Cell Lymphotrophic Virus (HTLV)

Which bloodborne disease is most infectious?

Hepatitis B (HBV): a viral liver infection that affects at least 2.2 million Americans, and is the most contagious bloodborne hepatitis infection.

Diseases That Will Kill You The Quickest

What are the 2 most prominent bloodborne diseases?

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are three of the most common bloodborne pathogens from which health care workers are at risk.

What is the most common way to get a bloodborne disease?

For a bloodborne pathogen to be spread, the bodily fluids of an infected person must enter into the bloodstream of another person. The most common cause of transmission in the workplace is when an infected person's blood enters another person's bloodstream through an open wound.

What is the most common disease of the blood?

What is the most common type of blood disorder? Anemia represents the most common type of noncancerous blood disorder. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates about 3 million people in the U.S. have some type of anemia. Anemia happens when you don't have enough healthy red blood cells.

How do you catch a blood disease?

Bacteria can enter your bloodstream through a scraped knee or other wound. Urinary tract infections are a common source of blood poisoning. Even a sinus infection can cause bacteria to enter your bloodstream. Your immune system will eliminate small amounts of bacteria.

What causes blood infection?

Bacterial infections cause most cases of sepsis. Sepsis can also be a result of other infections, including viral infections, such as COVID-19 or influenza, or fungal infections.

Do viruses show in blood?

Bacteria, viruses and fungi can show up in body fluids, such as blood, urine (wee), faeces (poo), sputum (spit), cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) bone marrow and skin cells.

What are 3 illnesses caused by viruses?

Viruses are responsible for causing many diseases, including:
  • AIDS.
  • Common cold.
  • Ebola.
  • Genital herpes.
  • Influenza.
  • Measles.
  • Chickenpox and shingles.
  • Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)

What are 3 diseases caused by viruses?

Viruses cause familiar infectious diseases such as the common cold, flu and warts. They also cause severe illnesses such as HIV/AIDS, Ebola, and COVID-19. Viruses are like hijackers. They invade living, normal cells and use those cells to multiply and produce other viruses like themselves.

Can bloodborne disease be cured?

Often there is no cure for bloodborne diseases like HIV or hepatitis. Certain medications may prevent illness from worsening, but it is not usually possible to fully eliminate the virus.

How do you know that you have hepatitis B?

Not all people newly infected with HBV have symptoms, but for those that do, symptoms can include fatigue, poor appetite, stomach pain, nausea, and jaundice. For many people, hepatitis B is a short-term illness.

Can hepatitis B be cured?

This is known as a chronic infection. A vaccine can prevent hepatitis B, but there's no cure if you have the condition. If you're infected, taking certain precautions can help prevent spreading the virus to others.

What are the warning signs of a blood infection?

The signs and symptoms of sepsis can include a combination of any of the following:
  • confusion or disorientation,
  • shortness of breath,
  • high heart rate,
  • fever, or shivering, or feeling very cold,
  • extreme pain or discomfort, and.
  • clammy or sweaty skin.

What are non cancerous blood disorders?

Hemophilia: a bleeding disorder that prevents clotting, resulting in blood loss from cuts or other wounds. Sickle cell disease: abnormally shaped red blood cells result in pain, infection, chronic anemia and organ damage. Thalassemia: an inherited condition that can result in mild to severe anemia.

What does the beginning of sepsis feel like?

The early symptoms of sepsis include: a high temperature (fever) or, due to changes in circulation, a low body temperature instead. chills and shivering.

Which blood disease has no cure?

Multiple myeloma has no cure, but stem cell transplant and/or chemotherapy can allow many people to live for years with the condition. Myelodysplastic syndrome: A family of blood cancers that affect the bone marrow.

What are the 3 main reasons for blood disorders?

Many blood diseases and disorders are caused by genes. Other causes include other diseases, side effects of medicines, and a lack of certain nutrients in your diet. Common blood disorders include anemia and bleeding disorders such as hemophilia.

What is the most common disorder of the blood in older adults?

Anemia of Chronic Disease. Anemia of chronic disease, also called anemia of chronic disorders, is the most common form of anemia in the elderly.

What do you use to clean up blood?

Put on disposable gloves. Wipe up the spill as much as possible with paper towel or other absorbent material. Gently pour bleach solution – 1 part bleach to 9 parts water – onto all contaminated areas. Let bleach solution remain on contaminated area for 20 minutes and then wipe up remaining bleach solution.

Which disease is bloodborne and can cause liver damage?

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV). These viruses cause infections and liver damage.

What are the 3 ways bloodborne pathogens could enter your body at work?

Bloodborne pathogens can be transmitted through: Accidental punctures and cuts with contaminated sharp materials (e.g. Needle stick). Contact between mucous membranes or broken skin and infected body fluids (e.g. Splash). Sharing of needles.